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Multi level Marketing Pemasaran berjenjang


Apa itu Multi level Marketing atau  Pemasaran berjenjang 
   

Pada kesempatan kali ini saya ingin memposting tentang Apa itu Multi level Marketing atau  Pemasaran berjenjang 
Pemasaran berjenjang (bahasa Inggris: multi level marketing) adalah sistem penjualan yang memanfaatkan konsumen sebagai tenaga penyalur secara langsung. Harga barang yang ditawarkan di tingkat konsumen adalah harga produksi ditambah komisi yang menjadi hak konsumen karena secara tidak langsung telah membantu kelancaran distribusi.

Promotor (upline) biasanya adalah anggota yang sudah mendapatkan hak keanggotaan terlebih dahulu, sedangkan bawahan (downline) adalah anggota baru yang mendaftar atau direkrut oleh promotor. Akan tetapi, pada beberapa sistem tertentu, jenjang keanggotaan ini bisa berubah-ubah sesuai dengan syarat pembayaran atau pembelian tertentu.
Komisi yang diberikan dalam pemasaran berjenjang dihitung berdasarkan banyaknya jasa distribusi yang otomatis terjadi jika bawahan melakukan pembelian barang. Promotor akan mendapatkan bagian komisi tertentu sebagai bentuk balas jasa atas perekrutan bawahan.
Seringkali ditemukan kerancuan istilah antara pemasaran berjenjang dengan permainan uang (money game). Pemasaran berjenjang pada hakikatnya adalah sebuah sistem distribusi barang. Banyaknya bonus didapat dari omzet penjualan yang didistribusikan melalui jaringannya. Sebaliknya, pada permainan uang bonus didapat dari perekrutan, bukan omzet penjualan. Kesulitan membedakan pemasaran berjenjang dengan permainan uang terjadi karena bonus yang diterima berupa gabungan dengan komposisi tertentu antara bonus perekrutan dan komisi omzet penjualan.

Multi level Marketing, Pemasaran berjenjang, mlm, Bisnis dan Keuangan, mlm indonesia, Multi level Marketing Indonesia
Sistem permainan uang cenderung menggunakan skema piramida (atau skema Ponzi) dan orang yang terakhir bergabung akan kesulitan mengembangkan bisnisnya. Dalam pemasaran berjenjang, walaupun dimungkinkan telah memiliki banyak bawahan, tetapi tanpa omzet tentu saja bonus tidak akan diperoleh.

Informasi tentang jenis pemasaran berjenjang yang benar dapat mengacu pada Peraturan Menteri Perdagangan Republik Indonesia No. 13/M-DAG/PER/3/2006 tentang Ketentuan dan Tata Cara Penerbitan Surat Izin Usaha Penjualan Langsung dengan memuat larangan tegas yang tercantum pada bab VII.

Multi level Marketing, Pemasaran berjenjang, mlm, Bisnis dan Keuangan, mlm indonesia, Multi level Marketing Indonesia
Masalah di dalam pemasaran berjenjang sering terjadi bila sistem komisi menjurus pada permainan uang. Biaya keanggotaan bawahan secara virtual telah dibagikan menjadi komisi promotor sementara harga barang menjadi terlalu mahal untuk menutupi pembayaran komisi kepada promotor. Dalam jangka panjang, hal ini membuat komisi menjadi tidak seimbang, di mana komisi telah melebihi harga barang dikurangi harga produksi.


Multi level Marketing, Pemasaran berjenjang, mlm, Bisnis dan Keuangan, mlm indonesia, Multi level Marketing Indonesia
Hal ini tentu akan membuat membuat konsumen di tingkat tertinggi mendapatkan harga termurah atau bahkan mendapatkan keuntungan bila mengetahui cara mengolah jaringannya, sedangkan konsumen yang baru bergabung mendapatkan kerugian secara tidak langsung karena mendapatkan harga termahal tanpa mendapatkan komisi atau komisi yang didapatkan tidak sesuai dengan usaha yang telah dilakukan sehingga akhirnya anggota baru tersebut terangsang untuk mencari konsumen baru agar mendapat komisi yang bisa menutupi kerugian virtual yang ditanggungnya.

Pelanggaran bisa pula terjadi bila perusahaan penyedia sistem pemasaran berjenjang menjanjikan sesuatu berlebih yang tidak mungkin bisa dicapai konsumen. Misalnya, jika konsumen bisa mendapatkan 10 jenjang jaringan yang setiap jenjangnya harus berisi 10 anggota, maka ia akan mendapatkan bonus Rp 10 Miliar. Sepintas hal ini terlihat menggiurkan dan mudah, tetapi jika konsumen menggunakan akal sehatnya, ia sebenarnya harus merekrut 1010 bawahan atau sepuluh pangkat sepuluh, yaitu sejumlah 100 juta anggota baru (hampir separuh penduduk Indonesia).

Dewasa ini, telah berkembang sistem pemasaran viral yang merupakan salah satu bagian model pemasaran berjenjang. Beberapa hal yang membedakan antara lain:

* Tidak ada bonus perekrutan karena bebas biaya bergabung.
* Produk yang dipasarkan merupakan produk dinamis, misalnya pulsa telepon seluler.
* Bonus hanya diperoleh dengan adanya pemesanan berulang.
* Harga produk lebih murah atau hampir sama dengan harga pasar konvensional.
* Komisi atau bonus tiap transaksi yang dilakukan relatif kecil.
* Bonus akan signifikan pada jaringan yang besar.

Dengan segala kelebihan dan kekurangannya, pemasaran viral dipercaya dapat membuat kompetisi di pasar konvensional menjadi semakin menarik karena pada dasarnya keunggulan pemasaran berjenjang adalah captive market yang tersistem ditambah dengan konsep pemasaran konvensional yang bertumpu pada harga dan produk.

Ingin menambah PENGHASILAN KLIK DIBAWAH INI



Multi level Marketing, Pemasaran berjenjang, mlm, Bisnis dan Keuangan, mlm indonesia, Multi level Marketing Indonesia

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